Woman slain, four students among thirty-three disappeared in June.

Killing of women at their homes seems to have become the new normal in Balochistan. A lady, 27-year-old Kulsoom, was killed by three robbers at her house in Dazin of District Kech when she refused to give her belongings. According to details, three robbers broke into her home on the night of June 14. Finding Ms. Kulsoom asleep in the lawn with her two kids, the robbers attacked them and asked for the jewelry she wore. On refusal, the robbers would beat the children. After a while, when the lady refused to give the keys to the room, the robbers killed the mother with a knife in front of the children.

This is the second case of the killing of a woman in two months. A lady Maliknaz had been killed by another group of three robbers in Dannuk village of Kech in May. her four-year-old daughter Bramsh was wounded. The family of Maliknaz managed to capture one of the culprits, who held an ID card showing that they work for the Military Intelligence. There was a campaign after that across Balochistan, many areas of Sindh and Punjab, which demanded that the military must dismantle its armed groups, called death squads, which the army had designed and organized to counter a decades-long nationalist insurgency in the region.

However, the movement lost its momentum when another incident surfaced, in which a student group, protesting for their demand of provision of internet services was attacked by the police on June 26 in Quetta, the capital of Balochistan. Students in Balochistan have been protesting for their educational rights for a long time. First, against the privatization of a university in Balochistan, then against the CCTV cameras hidden by security forces in secret places of girls hostels, including wash rooms. This latest protest in Quetta was against online classes attending which the students rightly claim is not possible due to the unavailability of the internet in most parts of Balochistan.

The students were beaten by the police, dragged and dumped into vans and taken to the police station. The students have promised to continue protesting until their demands are met, but the government does not seem to hear what the students demand.

Meanwhile, four students among twenty-nine others were whisked away by the Frontier Corps this month. Elm Baloch, a student of Balochi literature in Balochistan University, was abducted by the security forces from Panjgur Balochistan on June 7. He studies in Quetta and was on vacation to his home-town as the classes were off these days. He remains missing.

Two other students, Ahsab and Zaman, were abducted along with two others from a military check post in their village in Gaddagi, Balgetar district Panjgur, on June 9. The other two abducted along with them were their cousins, both brothers Majid and Zaman, sons of Sipahan, who had been killed by the military during an operation in the region in November 2016.

On the other hand, many young students are on roads to protest against enforced disappearances of their loved ones. Among them are Sammi and Mehlab, daughters of Dr. Deen Mohammad, a physician abducted by personnel of the Frontier Corps from his house in 2009 and has been missing since then. The two sisters called for a protest in Quetta to demand the news of their father who has been in the illegal custody of the military for the last eleven years.

The protest was joined by the families of many other missing persons, including Seema Baloch, sister of student leader Shabir Baloch, who was abducted by the military in October 2016 and is still missing. She remained silent for more than one year after assurance of Jam Kamal and Zia Langove, Chief Minister and Home Minister of Balochistan respectively. “Both ministers promised me to release my brother if I remain silent, last year. I did my part but my brother was not released nor do we know about his whereabouts”, she said in her speech on June 28. She once again joined the token hunger strike camp of the Voice for Baloch Missing Persons (VBMP) for the safe release of her brother.

Two internally displaced persons were abducted by the security forces on June 2 from Kech and Panjgur respectively. Both Hakim Abbas and Zakir Mohammad are from the Pirandar area of Mashkay, Awaran, and had recently been living in Miri Kalat Kech, due to years-long military operations in their villages.

Hundreds of thousands of people are internally displaced and are living a miserable life, due to military operations across Balochistan. The military often lays siege to villages, picks up all the men, takes valuables and burns the houses. Such actions are further encouraging the youths to pick up arms and fight the military.

On June 29, four young gunmen attacked the Pakistan Stock Exchange in Karachi. Ten, including the four attackers, were killed during the attack. One of the attackers, Salman had recorded a video message before the attack. He says: “We don’t wish to harm anybody. But we can see how our land is plundered, our sisters and mothers are abducted, brothers killed by the Pakistani army and now China is also taking part in the exploitation of our land. We would have not gone to such an extreme if the United Nations and other international institutions had taken action against Pakistan and China for the genocide of our people. But, we are left with no other option. So we are going to sacrifice our lives to convey our message to the world”. The attack was claimed by the Baloch Liberation Army (BLA).

Dr Deen Mohammad Baloch missing for 11 years

Daughters of Dr Deen Mohammad and families members of other missing persons of Balochistan have announced a protest demonstration today, on the eleventh anniversary of the disappearance of the doctor.

On June 28, 2009, personnel of the Frontier Corps, a paramilitary force in Balochistan, broke into the house of Deen Mohammad in Khuzdar, Balochistan. He was beaten, blind-folded, hand-cuffed, thrown into a military vehicle and taken away. Nothing is known about his whereabouts since.

Deen Mohammad is a physician and politician. He is from Mashkay, Awaran, and was serving as a doctor at the Ornach hospital in Khuzdar at the time of the abduction.

He was affiliated with the Baloch National Movement (BNM), a pro-independence party in Balochistan. Several leaders and activists of the party have been abducted over the years with many extra-judicially killed by the country’s security forces, including its founder and chairman, Ghulam Mohammad Baloch, secretary general, Dr Mannan Baloch and information secretary, Razak Sarbazi. In such a scenario the family of Dr Deen Mohammad fears for his fate.

On June 29, 2009, his daughters and wife held a press conference in the Quetta Press Club and shared the news and details of the incident. They registered a case with the police in Khuzdar. They also filed a petition in the Balochistan High Court but it seems all their efforts so far have gone in vain. The Pakistan Medical Association Balochistan protested against Dr Deen’s abduction, refusing to perform their duty and demanded safe recovery of their fellow missing doctors, including Din Mohammad. But it did not work.

Dr Deen’s daughter Mehlab and son Mansoor sat on hunger strike along with Mama Qadeer, Vice Chairman of the Voice of Baloch Missing Persons, in Islamabad, the capital city of Pakistan, in February 2010, demanding release of their father.

In September 2013, his daughters Mehlab Baloch and Sammi joined the family members of other missing persons of Balochistan in a historical 2,500 kilometre long march from Quetta, capital of Balochistan, to Islamabad to raise awareness in the public and pressurize the government to produce the missing persons in courts of law if in case there are any charges against them.

The Amnesty International, the Human Rights Watch and the Human Rights Council of Pakistan (HRCP) had reported the abduction of the doctor and asked the government to release him. But their requests remained unheard.

In May 2017, the case of his disappearance was registered with the UN’s Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearance.

The police FIR, court petition, peaceful protests, hunger-strike camps, thousands of kilometers of long march could not force Pakistani intelligence agencies to produce Dr Deen in court.  Appeals by Amnesty International, the Human Rights Watch, the HRCP and the UN’s working group on enforced disappearance also fell on deaf ears. It may mean that the government is not ready to listen to anyone on the issue of the enforced disappearances in Balochistan. But, it shows how irresponsible a state can be when it comes to basic human rights guaranteed under many international conventions signed and ratified by the state.

Dr Deen’s kids are grown up now, during these eleven years of continuous struggle, in camps and protests. They may or may not expect any good from the state, but they have not tired and are not ready to give up on the case of their loving father who was a messiah to many in the villages where he served as doctor and saved lives who could not afford costly treatments in Pakistan’s private hospitals.

We appreciate the struggle of the missing doctor’s daughters and all the family members of missing persons who are struggling for the safe release of their loved ones, even knowing that the government has not been responsive towards their pleas, but has been trying to pressurize them to end their protests and withdraw from their demands. We request family members of all the missing persons of Balochistan to keep raising their voice for their loved ones as no one will care for them if the family itself does not care first.

We appeal to the UN bodies, Amnesty, the HRW, the HRCP and all the human rights groups across the world to raise their voice for the safe release of Dr Deen Mohammad and thousands of others who are suffering in torture cells of Pakistan military.

Balochistan: Army whisked away four family members including two brothers. Father killed in 2016

Four young men of the same family were forcibly disappeared after being stopped at a military check-post situated few hundred meters from their home in Sari Gadagi on June 9, 2020. The area falls within the district of Panjgur. Majid and Zaman, who are among the abductees, are brothers and sons of Mr. Sipahan while the other two, Ahsab Khalil and Abul Hassan Rahmat, are their cousins. Majid and Abul Hassan are both drivers by profession while Ahsab and Zaman are students and were visiting their family during a time when the educational institutions were closed due to the Corona pandemic.


Mr. Sipahan, father of Majid and Zaman who is also a political activist was previously forced to migrate from Sari Gadagi Balgathar to Naag Kolwah when work started on China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in 2016. The western route of CPEC passes through Balgathar. Sipahan was not the only family who was forced to migrate from Balgathar. Almost everyone who could afford to migrate left the village and settled in other areas as Internally displaced people (IDP). The western route was then completed until Hoshab town but at the cost of dozen of lives, hundreds of enforced disappearance and forced migration of thousands of people whose villages and settlement fell on the route.
In November 2016, military carried out a massive military operation in Balgathar and Kolwah area of Balochistan. As usual, the army cordoned of the area and blocked all the entries and exits of the area. Soldiers carried out door to door searches throughout the week while helicopters carried out indiscriminate shelling in the mountains. Sipahan was one of the victims who died in that shelling in Kolwah.
Sipahan´s elder son gathered the family and once again migrated, this time from Kolwah to one of their grandfather´s area in Zamuran in district Kech. Sipahan´s widow went back to Balgathar instead of going along with his sons to Zamuran.

With the highway also came an increased numbers of military camps and check-posts which the army claims are to protect the highway but are in fact used to harass and suppress the people. The numbers of military camps increased from one to nine while more than one hundred check-posts were installed.

The drivers worked on pick up trucks transporting trade goods from the Iran border into the cities and towns of Balochistan. The border trade had dwindled as a result of the Covid 19 pandemic and hence Majid and Zaman decided to pay a visit to their mother in this idle time. They were returning back after they had paid a visit to their mother when military whisked them away.

Zaman and Majid’s mother along with a few other relatives has been sitting in protest in front of military camp in Balgataar since yesterday. Today Pakistani army soldiers baton charged them which resulted in several people being badly injured.

The fate of all the abductees are unlawfully in the hands of the army and are as of yet to be decided by them. Such incidents which also constitute as collective punishment and are even illegal according to Pakistani constitution are rampant in Balochistan and are the major source of inciting violence.

Balochistan: 20 killed in May, 29 disappeared, woman’s killing by ‘State-backed robbers’ sparks protests

A four-year-old baby girl, Bramsh, was shot and injured and her mother Malik Naz killed when a group of three robbers broke into their house on May 26 at around 03AM local time in Dannok village of Turbat, district Kech.

The incident attracted mass attention in all of Balochistan and beyond in a short time, as the family had captured one of the culprits who admitted he worked for Pakistan’s Military Intelligence. He was carrying an ID card of the MI. He confessed and gave the names of the rest of the gang, including their leader Sameer Sabzal.

A picture of Sameer was found on social media in which he is seen sitting next to Balochistan’s finance minister Zahoor Buledi. The minister denied any acquaintance with the person he was photographed with.

People from all walks of life took to the streets and demanded justice for Bramsh and her mother. Massive protests were held in almost all the major cities and towns of Balochistan as well as Baloch areas of Punjab and Karachi. The demands were that Malik Naz’s killers be arrested and punished and all the state-backed death squads in Balochistan be dismembered.

Bramsh & MalikNaz. Photo: Balochistantimes.com

They demanded the arrest of the gang leader Sameer who went into hiding. He was arrested by the Turbat police on June 4, but he made a public appearance on social media and claimed he had nothing to do with the captured culprit. However, he said nothing about his affiliation with the Balochistan Awami Party, the ruling party in the province.

We are unable to understand why it took the police this much time to arrest the gang leader nominated for the killing of Malik Naz and injuring Bramsh despite the arrested robber confessing to working for him. People from all walks did their best to raise voice and demand justice. Many people were seen organizing the protests. They are, for sure, being watched by the huge network of the death squads, operating as the military’s contractors to whom the military has outsourced its counter insurgency operations across Balochistan. We fear for the safety of the organisers.

Shafiq Sasoli from Khuzdar region of Balochistan was one of those who helped organise a Bramsh rally after which his family received a threatening note and a shroud at his house on June 5.

Unknown gunmen roam around streets and markets of the villages and towns of Balochistan, who kill, abduct and rob people anywhere, any time. They are locally called Death Squads and serve the military’s mass-scale, decades-long policy of enforced disappearances and extrajudicial killings in the province. However, the military had always denied any role behind these armed groups and any role in the disappearances and killings, even in cases where military is clearly seen involved like that of Javed Gwahram.

On May 24, Javed Gwahram, 26, resident of Mand, district Kech succumbed to severe torture injuries and died in a hospital in Karachi, Sindh. He was taken to Karachi because his kidneys stopped functioning, as he was not provided drinking water for more than a week in the military’s torture cell. He was abducted by personnel of Frontier Corps, a paramilitary force on May 7. His uncle, Latif, was called by officials of the Frontier Corps to visit their camp and bring Javed’s younger brother Zubair with him. Latif was told on May 15 to leave Zubair in the camp and leave. He had no choice. Latif received another call on May 17 to visit the camp. He went and brought the elder brother, Javed, who was in half dead condition. Javed was taken to the Turbat hospital but doctors advised the family to take him to a big hospital in Karachi, where Javed died on May 24. His brother Zubair remains in illegal custody. Zubair is a fisherman and the youngest of three orphaned brothers and five sisters.

Meanwhile, three other students and a teacher among 29 were forcibly disappeared by the military in the month of May, 2020 and twenty persons killed, including four women. The students include a cultural and literary activist, Sana Sypad, a resident of Kharan, who was the president of a literary society, Naseer Kubdani Labzaki Diwan, based in Kharan, and currently, pursuing M.Phil at the Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad. He was abducted by FC on 13 May.

Balochistan: Elder brother succumbed to torture injuries, youngest remain disappeared

Javed Gwahram — who had been abducted by the Pakistani army early this month, tortured and then released — succumbed to his injuries in Karachi on Tuesday.

On May 7, the Frontier Constabulary (FC), a para-military force, broke into a mosque in Balochabad village of Mand, a Pakistan-Iran border town in district Kech and whisked away four persons, including Javed Gwahram.

Elders of his extended family approached FC officials. The FC demanded Zubair Gwahram, Javed’s youngest brother, in return of Javed. On May 15, Javed’s maternal uncle Latif took Zubair to the FC camp in Mand. On May 17, Latif received a call from an official to receive Javed from the camp.

Javed was released in a very critical condition. He had been severely tortured. Family members took him to Turbat, the district head quarter, for treatment, where the doctors refused to take him as his condition was too unstable. He was not provided food and water while he was in the FC’s illegal custody and his kidneys were not functioning. He was then taken to Karachi where he died on May 26.

Photo: HRCB
“I was deprived of sleep and was hanged for the entire detention period”, Javed had said to one of his cousins. “That day when they brought Zubair, the interrogator asked questions to Zubair and when they didn’t get the desired answer I was the one who was brutally tortured in front of my brother”.

Javed in a very young age became the sole bread winner for his two brothers and five sisters after his father Gwahram was killed in Karachi in 2005. Gwahram was poisoned by the host of the house where he was staying for his wife’s treatment. Soon after Gwahram’s death, his mother passed away.

Javed took the responsibility of his siblings after their parents passed away. He worked as a helper in a shop in Mand after returning from United Arab Emirates where he worked as a labourer for some years.

Meanwhile, the whereabouts of Zubair are still unknown.

In the same pattern on April 10, 2020, a teenage boy Murad Jan was in the military camp in the Rindak area of Mashkay, district Awaran. For hours, he was tortured for not speaking Urdu and later released and ordered to return the next day to the camp with an Urdu interpreter. He succumbed to the injuries the other day. He was the fourth member of his family tortured to death by the Pakistani army.

The boy who beat cancer killed by FC

Seventeen-year-old Imam Sher Muhammad was hit by two bullets in the leg when personnel of Frontier Corps opened fire on a vehicle on April 30 in the Aspi Kahn area of district Kech. He was taken by the FC to their checkpost where he remained on the floor without treatment for hours.

He was later handed over to the local administration but it was too late and he passed away at around 13:00 Pakistan time. He died due to excessive bleeding.

Imam was too young when cancer had killed his mother. They could not afford the treatment. He was the eldest of his four brothers and the only bread earner. He had an ulcer on his neck for years and could not get proper treatment.

In 2016, he was taken to Turbat’s district headquarter hospital for tests and was advised to visit a good hospital in Karachi. The family could not afford this and asked the relatives and fellow villagers working in Bahrain for help.

In Karachi, he was diagnosed with cancer and remained under treatment for almost six months. When the treatment finished, he went back to his village, Kashap, Dasht district Kech. He worked as driver of a pick-up truck that brought petrol from Iran.

Balochistan: Disabled man among three killed, nine disappeared by military

Personnel of Frontier Corps, a paramilitary force, opened fire on people in Jattani Bazar village of Dasht, district Kech, on 08 May 2020. A disabled person, Akram Mohammd Bakhsh, was hit on the chest and died on the spot.

In another case, on 02 May, FC personnel had opened fire on a vehicle in the Mand area of district Kech, near Iran border, killing Sayad Mohammad. It was the third incident in a row where the FC opened fire on cars carrying civilians, often laborers. In a similar case, the FC had killed a teenage boy, Imam Sher, in the same area three days ago.

Meanwhile, a man named Nazir was shot dead by armed men of the Balochistan Liberation Front on 08 May in Awaran region of Balochistan. The BLF claimed that Nazir had once been one of their commanders who later surrendered before the Pakistan army. They also blamed Nazir for killing one of the organization’s senior members and providing information to the military.

The FC continued to conduct raids in different parts of Balochistan and abducted many, some even from the mosques.

Two students Nasir Pullan and Jahanzeb Rafiq were abducted from Apsar area of Turbat, district Kech on 10 May. Nasir was enrolled in Bahauddin Zakaria University Multan and Jahanzeb, in Lasbella University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Science.

The forces abducted Faqir Dilwash from Askani Bazar, Aapsar Turbat, district Kech, on 03 May and Yasir Pir Mohammed on 05 May from his house in Jemadi Panwan, district Gwadar.

The FC raided mosques in Balochabad, Mand, and abducted several people after they found wall chalking opposing CPEC in the village. They whisked away Javed Gwahram, Latif Haji Adam, Hasan Hamid, Majid Hussain and Javed Baloch . In a separate raid, the FC abducted Sadiq from another mosque.

Balochistan: 16 killed, 45 abducted in April as military raids increased

Amid the Covid-19 lockdown, Balochistan witnessed a surge in military raids with 16 killed and 45 abducted in April. As many as 73 people had been picked up by the Pakistani forces, including students, women, children, and infants, but 28 were later released. The whereabouts of the 45 remain unknown.

A teenage boy Murad Jan was called in the military camp in the Rindak area of Mashkay, district Awaran, on April 10. For hours, he was tortured for not speaking Urdu language and later released and ordered to return the next day to the camp with an Urdu interpreter. He succumbed to the injuries the other day. He was the fourth member of his family tortured to death by the Pakistani army.


Sanaullah Mohammad Hasni. Photo: Ashoob news

Sanaullah Mohammad Hasni, who had been forcibly disappeared by the forces from his home two years ago, was found dead on a roadside in Manguchar, district Kalat, on April 2. According to his family, his body bore signs of severe torture.


Settlements were burned down in weeks-long military actions in the Kech, Panjgur, and Awaran districts which left people homeless after returning from torture cells.

The region has seen military operations since the mid-2010s. During one such operation in August 2016, the whole area was kept under siege for more than a month. The mountainous areas were shelled by helicopters with all exits and entries blocked. Many houses and settlements turned to ashes. And then the people were forced to move out of the region. Families left their houses and wandered from Awaran of Balochistan to Jhao and then to the Lasbella, the district bordering Sindh.

On April 1, the forces raided several houses in Khalidabad and Kalatcheer areas of Mashkay, district Awaran. They forcibly disappeared four persons, Shakir Mirza, Abdul Nabi, Master Gulzar Kareem Bakhsh, and Daulat Mirza.


Hakeem Mazar. Photo. Ashoob News

On the same day, the forces abducted two other people in two separate raids. They were identified as 19-year-old student Hakeem Mazar, picked up from his home in Gwadar, and Faiz Ahmed Jan Muhammad of Malant Tump, district Kech.


On April 7, four members of a family identified as Gohram Shafi Muhammad, Hameed Dur Muhammad, Khair Jan, and Zubair Majeed were abducted from the Jakki area of Mashkay.

Similarly, on the same day, forces picked up Tajo Jangi Ali Bugti, Zahoor Kohdil Bugti, Gwari, and Mangal Khair Muhammad from Zain Koh in Dera Bugti.

On April 14, forces abducted Iqbal Rasheed and four others during an operation in Keelkore, district Panjgur. The others were later released while Iqbal remains in custody.

On April 15, a large number of forces conducted raids in Kolwah, Tertij, and Malar areas of district Awaran, whisking away dozens of people and burning down many villages. The victims of enforced disappearance in these operations were identified as Shahdost, Dad Bakhsh, Master Badal Yar Muhammad, Dil Murad Qadir Bakhsh, Mahmood Dad Muhammad, Jaffar Mayar, Pindok Mia Sanjar, Noor Bakhsh Ahmad, Murad Jan & Abbas Aziz, Maqsood Pindok, Khuda Dad Pindok, Ashraf Murad Bakhsh & Charshambay Murad Bakhsh.

On April 16, the forces stationed in Bidrang Kolwah, district Awaran, summoned Saeed Ali Muhammad to their military camp for questioning. He has not returned.

On April 17, forces raided and burned down several houses in Bolor, Kolwah, district Awaran, and whisked away three persons namely Abdul Razaq Elahi Bakhsh, Rasheed Elahi Bakhsh, and Sudheer Elahi Bakhsh.

On the same day, Malik Raheem, a resident of Paroom, district Panjgur, was picked up from his home. His whereabouts are still not known.

On April 18, forces abducted Razzaq Kamalo and Adam Sommar from Loop, Balgatar, district Panjgur.

On April 20, forces raided a house in Doleji, Jahoo, district Awaran and took away Noor Khan Baloch.

On April 22, Sanaullah Ashraf Rind was forcibly disappeared from his house.

On April 25, forces whisked away Allah Bakhsh Mirza, Mola Bakhsh Jahangir, and Fida Hussain in Menaz Buleda, district Kech.

On April 28, forces conducted raids in Sorger, Jahoo, district Awaran, and abducted four residents identified as Mir Ghaos Bakhsh Umrani, Abdul Ghafoor Naik Muhammad Umrani, Muhammad Jan Umar and Hussain Eido.

Incidents of killing:

On April 7, the bodies of Bakhtiar and Mayar, residents of Besima, district Washuk, were found. They had been abducted from Gichk, Panjgur, by the militants of the Baloch Republican Army (BRA), a separatist group, on March 30, 2020. The group claimed responsibility for the killings in a statement, accusing them of working for local death squads and being involved in several murders of their members.

On April 8, the decomposed bodies of Zameen Gull, a resident of Shangala, Malakand, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Muzzafer Khan, a resident of Shahrag, district Harnai, were found by Levies. They were coal mine workers who had been abducted along with two others. The abductors remain unknown.

On the same day, unknown armed persons opened fire on Sana Ullah Ismail, resident of Bolan, and killed him for unknown reasons. The local administration shifted the body to the hospital and initiated an investigation of the murder.

On April 9, a police ASI Barat Ali Hazara was gunned down in Hazara Town, Quetta. The body was taken to the hospital by the Edhi Foundation and was later handed over to the family after medical examination.

On April 15, unknown armed men shot dead Huzoor Bakhsh Mohammed Siddiq Bangulzai, resident of Mangochar, district Kalat. Three others were injured in the incident.  

On April 22, the body of Gul Muhammad Darbaz was found in a room in Harnai by the Police. The body was sent to the hospital for further examination.

On April 26, four militants of the Balochistan Liberation Front (BLF), Noora Sherdil, Momin Muhammad Azeem, and Abdul Malik and Nawaz were killed by security forces and local death squads in an encounter. Malik and Nawaz were brothers.

On April 27, unknown persons gunned down Muhammad Qasim Bahram and Khuda Bakhsh Raheem Bakhsh for unknown reasons. A man and his daughter were also injured in the incident.


Pakistani army abducts dozens, burns down villages in Kolwah Balochistan

Shawkat  Teláhó and Nur Hán Bashir, residents of Mádag village of district Kech, went to Kolwah and Dhandar to buy food for their families but did not return even after three days. They bought their ration from Kolwah and Dhandar, their former villages and left for their new village, Mádag on 15 April.

Their new village is called Mádagay Kalát. Most of village’s previous population had moved out. It was evacuated in the past due to military operations and the people then went on to live a miserable life as Internally Displaced Persons in different parts of Sindh and Balochistan. They have just recently returned due to the threat of Covid-19. It’s safer in their isolated mountainous villages with 8 to 20 families in huts, meters and kilometers away from each other.

The region has been under heavy military operations since the mid 2010s. During an operation, in August 2016, the whole area was kept under siege for more than a month. The mountainous regions were shelled by helicopters with all exits and entries blocked. Many houses and settlements turned to ashes. And then the people were forced to move out of the region. Families left their houses and wandered from Awaran of Balochistan to Jhao and then to the  Lasbella region, which is bordering Sindh.

Shawkat and Nur Han could only reach from Kolhwa and Dhandar to a nearest livable place. So, they settled in Madag village. It was already evacuated when the families reached and so was it peaceful of military operations as well.

Even though these IDPs never had a life of peace in their new places as security forces continued abducting the youth and many of them were later found dead, they lived in the new places until the global crisis of Covid-19. They felt the virus may not spread much in their villages as much as it will spread in cities and towns. Little did they know their arrival to their ancestral villages would take them back to the time and they would be immediately forced to leave their home once again.

On 15 April, the security forces put under siege the Bidrang, Nag, Kaldan, and Kadd villages of district Kech and blocked all the entry and exit points. According to details, Badal Yar Mohammad, a teacher, was abducted from his home in Bidrang. In Nag, the forces turned the only public school into a military check post and burned down several houses in Kaldan, Kadd and Nag villages.

Moreover, Kaleedi, Pul Mek and Seetok villages of Keelkor in Panjgur district were also cordoned off where Azeem Baloch was taken into custody from Kaleedi and moved to an unknown location.

On the same day in Malar of district Awaran Pindok Sanjar and his three sons, Jan Mohammad Pindok, Maqsood Pindok and Khudadad Pindok, and another man Mohammad Jan were illegally picked up. Whereas from Teertej of district Awaran Jaffar Mayar, Noor Bakhsh Ahmed, Murad Jan Aziz, Abbas Aziz, Ashraf Murad Bakhsh, Charshambay Murad Bakhsh and Pullain were abducted.

On 15 April, personnel of the Frontier Corps burnt down the houses of 80 years old Razai in Bidrang Kolwah, whisking him away along with two daughters and grandchildren, including a 9 months old baby girl. No one has heard of them since then.

On 18 April, the FC burnt down houses of Ganj Bakhsh Balach, Dilpul Balach, Lewar Balach, Naguman Doli, Somaar Jan Mohammad, Kacho Zabro, Assa Basham, Khan Mohammad Zabro and Zadbag Basham in Balor area of Kolwah, whisking away Abdul Razzaq Ali Bakhsh, Sudheer Ali Bakhsh and Rasheed Murad, a teacher.

On 16 April, the FC took away Dil Murad Qadir Bakhsh, Mahmood Dad Mohammad, Shah Dost and Dad Bakhsh from Kasht Kolwah, Dr. Noroz Aram, Pervaiz Aram, Sajjad Mustafa, Kursheed Mustafa, Nasir Qadir Bakhsh, Aslam Qadir Baksh and Sipahan Fazal from Choten Keelkor. Pervaiz Aram, Kursheed Mustafa and Sipahan were tortured and released next day. Others whereabouts are still unknown.

The recent massive operation in the time of the Corona pandemic has much deeper consequences on the overall situation for humanity itself. The Pakistani government should have been more worried about providing drinking water and basic health facilities to the people of Balochistan rather than pushing the people towards endless hatred and armed conflict.

Balochistan: 10 disappeared, 8 killed in a week during pandemic lockdown

Despite the Pakistani government’s countless promises, enforced disappearances – the heinous practice by which state forces take someone in custody but deny doing so – is still not a crime in Pakistan. Thousands of disappeared, as well as their families, have yet to see justice.

During the second week of April 2020, 10 civilians were abducted by security forces, 4 killed and four dead bodies were found in a coal mine. Below is the chronological order of cases of enforced disappearances and killings that happened during the second week of April 2020.

On April 07, four persons of the same family were forcefully disappeared by Pakistani security forces during a raid in Jakki, Mashkay, district Awaran. The victims were later identified as Khair Jan Majeed, Zubair Majeed, Guhram Shafi Mohammed, and Hameed Dur Mohammed.

On the same day, security forces raided a house in Gardank Buleda district Kech and forcefully disappeared Anwar Meeran and Rasheed Anam from the scene. No one has heard of their whereabouts since.

Similarly, four civilians were made victims of enforced disappearance from Zain Koh area of Dera Buti on April 07. Mangal Khair Mohammad Bugti, Gwari Khair Mohammad Bugti, Tajo Jangi Ali Bugti, and Zahoor Kohdil Bugti were later identified as the victims.

On March 30, Bakhtiar and Mayar were abducted by militants of the Balochistan Republican Army, a Baloch militant organization. Eventually, they were killed and BRA’s spokesperson issued a statement claiming that Bakhtiar and Mayar were working for the local death squad and Pakistani security forces.

On April 08, local levies forces in Shahrag, district Harnai conducted a search operation in a coal mine. Levies forces discovered four dead-bodies during the search operation and shifted them. The deceased were later identified as Zameen Gulkhail Mohammad, resident of Shangala Malakand, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Muzzafar Khan Rasheed Ahmad, resident of Shahrag, district Harnai. The identity of others remained unknown at the time of writing the report. Levies forces later handed the dead-bodies to their respective families.

On April 09, 2020, An ASI police Officer, Barat Ali Hazar, was killed by unknown gunmen in Hazara Town, Quetta. His duty was in Barrori Police station, Quetta. The Edhi personnel shifted his body to the hospital, where the administration later handed-over his to the family.